Areas of Practice

Criminal Code

 

 

The Criminal Code of Canada is the statute that defines criminal offences and criminal court procedures, such as the procedure for a bail hearing or a trial. It also provides guidelines for the penalties a person charged could be subject to if found guilty of a criminal offence and the principles and objectives that guide the Courts when sentencing an offender.

 

 

Charter of Rights and Freedoms

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees political rights to Canadian citizens and civil rights for everyone in Canada. It applies to the actions and policies of all arms of government, including the police and other investigators.


Income Tax Act

Heller, Rubel defends individuals and corporations being investigated and/or charged with offences under the Income Tax Act.  Criminal violations of the Income Tax Act can be characterized as “white collar crime.”  


Competition Act

Heller, Rubel defends individuals and corporations charged with offences under the Competition Act.  We also provide opinions and advice as to whether or not current or proposed future business practices are in compliance with the Competition Act.


Customs Act

Heller, Rubel defends individuals and corporations being investigated and/or charged with offences under the Customs Act. The Customs Act administers and enforces the collection of duties and controls the movement of goods into and out of Canada. 


Regulatory Offences

Heller, Rubel defends individuals and corporations charged with offences under regulatory statutes. We also provide opinions and advice as to whether or not current or proposed future business practices are in compliance with a variety of regulatory regimes, including the Health and Safety Act, Environmental Protection Act, Corporations Tax Act and Highway Traffic Act. 


Drug Offences

The lawyers at Heller, Rubel defend clients facing a wide range of drug-related offences, from simple possession to importing and trafficking. 


Youth Criminal Justice Act

The Youth Criminal Justice Act (the YCJA) sets out the laws and procedures that apply to youth between the ages of 12 and 17 who are charged with a criminal offence under the Criminal Code of Canada or the Controlled Drug and Substances Act (the C.D.S.A.).